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      1) 场景或背景信息,即题目中出现的phenomenon。
      3) 个人观点,这一部分在有些文章的开首段中也可以不要。
      大作文要求字数至少达到250字,在写作中考虑到字数的合理安排,第一段最好写3-5句话,大约40字左右,并且切忌在第一段就掏心掏肺把什么话都说完。因此我们总结出大作文开首的方式通常有以下几种情况:

      ●主谓宾<=>主系表

      At present, it is hard for college students to find jobs. Many people claim that college teachers should give priority to practical courses like computer science and business over such traditional ones as history and geography. To what extent do you agree?
      → The number of college graduates is surging while a substantial proportion of them have difficulties in finding employment after their graduation. Numerous people blame this on the university education and believe that more emphasis should be laid on practical courses such as computer science and business than on traditional courses like history and geography. 其后再加考生自己的观点即可。
      2)题目中包含了背景信息,有时出现一些人的观点,但题目中字数较少,若直接重新表达,字数凑不到40字左右。这种情况下朗阁海外考试研究中心专家推荐以下2种开首方式来保证字数:
      ◆把笼统信息细节化即通过举例来解释说明题目中的背景信息。
      Example:

      International tourism has become a big industry in the world. Do the benefits outweigh the problems?
      →Prior to the early 1900s, the proportion of people traveling abroad was considerably low and the majority of them preferred domestic travel. However, the advent of the motorized flight has greatly changed our life and it makes international traveling more convenient. International tourism is gaining momentum and has become a big industry. 其后加入考生个人观点即可。
      3)题目中仅出现一部分人的观点,而没有背景信息。这种情况下,我们可以根据这部分人的观点所涉及的信息在开首段附加对背景信息的描述。
      Example:

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